Volume 8, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 1-8
Rain Fade Mitigation Technique Using Residue Number System Architecture on KU Band Satellite Communication Link
Stephen Akobre, Faculty of Computing and Information Sciences, C. K. Tedam University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Navrongo, Ghana
Mohammed Ibrahim Daabo, Faculty of Computing and Information Sciences, C. K. Tedam University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Navrongo, Ghana
Abdul-Mumin Salifu, Faculty of Computing and Information Sciences, C. K. Tedam University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Navrongo, Ghana
Received: Aug. 26, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 13, 2020;       Published: Oct. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.net.20200801.11      View  57      Downloads  7
Abstract
Rain fade is the loss of signal power at the receiver of a telecommunication system mainly due to absorption and scattering caused by rain in the transmission medium, especially at frequencies above 10 GHz. In order to combat the loss of the signal power at the receiver, there is the need to employ rain fade mitigation techniques. Consequently, researchers have been studying how rain affects the signal in different geographical locations as well as proposing some mitigation techniques. Power control is one of the mitigation techniques that have been proposed. But this technique has some associated challenges. Increasing the power will lead to an increase in cost of transmission which will eventually be passed on to the consumer thereby making satellite services expensive. It introduces a delay in compensation due to link estimation and coordination. Also, because of health concerns there is a limit to the amount of power that can be radiated to the ground and this is governed by international agreements. Another power management drawback in using this technique is that, it is essential to track the power continuously to ensure that the power values are not set too high, which can lead to the front end of the receiver being overdriven and eventually leading to a shutdown or physical damage. In this paper, we address the power control challenges, by leveraging on the inherent properties of Residue Number System (RNS) to propose an RNS architecture using the moduli set {22n+1-1, 22n -1, 22n} that can mitigate rain fade in the satellite link. In digital communication systems, the bit energy, eb, is the most important parameter in determining the communications link performance. Numerical analysis shows that the proposed scheme performs better than the traditional method as indicated in the high energy per bit value obtained in the proposed system in comparison with the traditional method.
Keywords
Rain Fade Mitigation, Power Control, Residue Number System
To cite this article
Stephen Akobre, Mohammed Ibrahim Daabo, Abdul-Mumin Salifu, Rain Fade Mitigation Technique Using Residue Number System Architecture on KU Band Satellite Communication Link, Advances in Networks. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.net.20200801.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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